141 countries have abolished the death penalty, 57 still uphold the practice, 23 carried out 1,032 (excluding China) executions in 2016. The top five: China, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia. No figures are available for China where capital murder is a state secret, but it is widely accepted that several thousand executions were carried out there last year. World Coalition Against the Death Penalty fact sheet.
The United States faces by far the biggest treatment bill, with a rise from $325bn per year in 2014 to $555bn in just eight years’ time, partly because of the high cost of medical care in the US. But all countries are looking at a very steep rise in costs that will be unaffordable for most. In the UK, the bill is set to rise from $19bn to $31bn per year in 2025. The NHS chief executive, Simon Stevens, has already warned that obesity threatens to bankrupt the NHS.
Over the next eight years, the experts say, the US will spend $4.2tn on treating obesity-related disease, Germany will spend $390bn, Brazil $251bn and the UK $237bn if these countries do not do more to try to prevent it.
The new figures come from the World Obesity Federation (WOF), which says there will be 2.7 billion overweight and obese adults by 2025, many of whom are likely to end up needing medical care. That means a third of the global population will be overweight or obese.
Yesterday was Malala Yousafzai’s first day at Oxford.
5 years ago, I was shot in an attempt to stop me from speaking out for girls’ education. Today, I attend my first lectures at Oxford. pic.twitter.com/sXGnpU1KWQ